Colloquium du DEC
De 11h30 à 13h, Salle Jaurès, 29 rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris.
Accédez au Google agenda des événements internes (*) au DEC ouverts à tous ici.
(*) Le External DEC serie et le DEC Lunch ont lieu le mardi et sont ouverts à l'ensemble des membres du DEC.
27 septembre 2016 (IHPST)
Paul Griffiths (University of Sydney): "Biological Information: Genetic, epigenetic, and exogenetic"
It is often said that genes carry ‘biological information’, but what does this really mean ? Recent work in the philosophy of causation and in complex systems science on the measurement of causal influence offers a natural way to reconstruct what the co-discover of the structure of DNA Francis Crick meant when he said that genetics involves distinct flows of matter, energy and information. The resulting quantitative measures of information provide a common currency to measure the flow of information from genetic, epigenetic and exogenetic sources, and to compare these influences on a single phenotypic outcome. I will compare and contrast this sense of ‘information’, which is a measurable property of the causal structure of systems, to the popular ‘teleosemantic’ approach to biological information advocated by Ruth Millikan, Nicholas Shea and others.
11 octobre 2016 (GNT)
15 novembre 2016 (LSCP)
LouAnn Gerken (University of Arizona) : "Comparing the Difficulty of Different Types of Linguistic Generalizations"
Over half a century ago, Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961), described 6 types of category structures, ranging from single feature categories (e.g., all red things), which allow easy generalization to new category members, to arbitrary categories, which must be memorized. I will begin with an overview of their category types as well as older and newer experimental work that documents the ease with which adults and non-human animals are able to learn different types. I will then draw parallels between the Shepard et al. categories and the kinds of generalizations that infants must make to learn a language. Finally, I will attempt to show that infant generalization in several laboratory language learning experiments is consistent with adult and animal learning of the Shepard et al. category structures.
6 décembre 2016 (LSP)
Maria Concetta Morrone (University of Pisa)
Development and plasticity of the human visual system
10 janvier 2017 (DEC-Ling)
Marie Coppola (University of Connecticut)
Sign language and language emergence
21 février 2017 (LNC)
Emeran Mayer (UCLA)
21 mars 2017 (IJN)
Peter Carruthers (University of Maryland)
Philosophy of mind and consciousness
25 avril 2017 (LNC)
Jonathan Cohen (Princeton University)
Neuroscience of cognitive control
23 mai 2017 (LSCP)
Daniel Margoliash (University of Chicago)
Neuroethology of vocal learning
26 septembre 2017 (LSP)
10 octobre 2017 (NPI)
7 novembre 2017 (IJN)